Cheese is made from milk. Different cheeses are made in different parts of the world, most popular being Europe. There is evidence that people have been making cheese from pre-historic times.
While there are hundreds of varieties of cheese, Mozzarella, Emmental and Gouda are three of the most popular cheeses in the world. Each of them belongs to a different region and is made differently.
Italian in origin, mozzarella cheese historically was made from the milk of water buffalos reared in Italy and Bulgaria. Most mozzarella cheese today is sourced from milk cows. Not aged like most cheeses, it is made by incubating the milk with thermophilic bacteria. Rennet is then added to create curds, which are collected and heated until they form elastic strings. Mozzarella can be consumed with salads,...
Oat is a cereal grain. This plant is grown particularly for the seeds that it produces. The seeds of the oat plant are nutritious and most popularly used as breakfast cereal oatmeal. Rich in important vitamins and other essentials like thiamine, magnesium, phosphorus and, fiber oats, are one of the healthy breakfasts recommended by nutritionists.
The best conditions for the growth of oats are temperate climates, which can easily be found in different parts of the United States. Oats are resilient plants when it comes to withstanding soil and climate conditions, making them easy to grow.
Processing oats is a very simple process. Once the oat crop has reached full maturity, they become dry stalks containing the oat seeds. These are harvested by the farmers through their harvester vehicles and then del...
Also known as Maize, corn, a cereal grain has been introduced to the world about 10,000 years ago. The cultivation of the corn started from a wild grass that was known as the teosinte. This was a very different crop from the one seen in the modern times. The kernels were small in size and were not situated so close to each other as we see in the ear of the corn today.
The indigenous people of southern Mexico had first started to domesticate the crop. It eventually spread to north to what is now the southwestern United States and also to south as far as Peru. It gradually became the food staple of the North and South Americans.
At the time of Columbus’s expeditions to Americas, corn was the primary food staple of the natives there. The Spanish settlers began to add corn to their diet. Corn was also t...
Wheat is a type of grass that is grown on the cultivated lands. The highly nutritious seeds of this wheatgrass is a cereal grain which is used as a food staple around the world.
The most common wheat, Triticum, originates from several species of wheat joining together. Triticum wheat is divided into aestivum, durum, and compactum. Triticum aestivum, is mostly used in making bread. Triticum durum, is used to make pasta. Tritirum compactum, is a more cushiony type of wheat and it is used to make cookies, crackers, and pastries.
History of Wheat
Wheat is known to be the most ancient and significant crop among all cereal crops. Wheat was one of the first grains to be cultivated. Historical records indicate its presence 10,000-11,000 years ago somewhere in the Middle East, possibly present-day Turkey. Sin...
The word “organic” refers to the process of how certain foods are produced.
Organic foods are grown or farmed in compliance with the rules of organic farming, without the involvement of chemicals, artificial hormones, antibiotics, or genetically modified organisms. Organic farming requires the farmers to reject any synthetically produced materials for farming, and instead employ natural resources for the growth of food. Organic farming is thought to improve soil quality and preservation of groundwater, along with reducing pollution.
Organic food should also be clear of artificial sweeteners; preservatives, coloring, flavoring, and monosodium glutamate (MSG). There is controversy that surrounds MSG. it is thought to be one of the leading causes of asthma, headaches, and even brain damage. This elemen...
One of the most influential of all the spices is sugar, known to be a high-end specialty spice of Asia and the Middle East. It not only had a colossal impact on our diets but also was the initiation point in the evolution of large European fleets of trade in the early Renaissance period.
Evidence suggests that sugar cane first expanded in South East Asia. This was found out through plant remnants and DNA. The first chemically refined sugar was first produced in India about 2,500 years ago. From then onwards, the technique spread to China, Persia, and the Middle East, eventually getting to the Mediterranean in the 13 the century. During that time Cyprus and Sicily became the centers of sugar production. During the Middle Ages, sugar was considered an expensive commodity which could only be afforded...
Salt is a mineral compound that is composed of 40% sodium and 60% chloride. The salt that we eat is normally called table salt that actually belongs to a family of salts which are ionic compounds.
Salt in its natural state is a crystalline mineral known as rock salt. It is present in vast quantities in seawater of which it is the main mineral constituent. Salt is one of the oldest and most omnipresent food seasonings and it is very important for food preservation. It has been known to be present since the existence of water and rock that create the mineral.
Salt has a history of billions of years which grows richer as time progresses.
Salt processing has been thought to date back to 8000 years ago, when people living in the area what is now called Romania, would boil spring water for salt. In fact, s...
Grapes are fruits that come in many varieties and are used in a wide range of popular foods such as jams, jellies and wine. Grapes are highly packed with nutrients and antioxidants. The phytonutrient resveratrol present in grapes is believed to be good for the heart.
The two main types of grapes are white and red grapes under which more categories tend to branch out:
Rice is one of the world’s most important food crops. Rice is the chief food item for about half the world’s population mainly in Asia, Africa and central and South America. Leading rice-growing countries today are China, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh. Rice is also grown and consumed in most other parts of the world including Australia, Europe and North America.
Evidence shows that rice was domesticated about 8,200–13,500 years ago in the Pearl River valley and the Yangtze River valley regions of Ancient China. Rice cultivation expanded into Southeast Asia, India and Nepal about 3000 BC.
Rice terraces carved into the mountains 2000 years ago are still used today in the Ifugao province of Filippines to grow rice. The terraces are irrigated by an ancient irrigation system using the water from the ra...